Famous architects of historic fortification construction
Sébastien le Prestre de Vauban (1633 - 1707)
"Ingénieur de France" (honoured title)
Marshall of France, Fortification architect Ludwigs XIV.
He planned 33 new and modernised over 300 existing fortresses. Considered to be the creator of the Iron Belt, that secured Frances outer borders under Ludwig XIV. Took part in over 50 besiegement and 140 battles as soldier and commander and was multiply wounded. The ideal fortified city Neuf-Brisach (FR) is considered his main work. Twelve of his fortifications were listed as UNESCO World Heritage in 2008 as “Fortifications of Vauban”.